In countless films and TV shows such as Homeland and 24, torture is portrayed as a harsh necessity. What O'Mara shows us is that using torture to get information out of a person is akin to trying to eat an orange without peeling it: the juice dribbles away and you just end up with messy hands and some pulp. Read "Why Torture Doesn’t Work The Neuroscience of Interrogation" by Shane O'Mara available from Rakuten Kobo. Torture is banned because it is cruel and inhumane. For they can simply come back, as they are, as noted, doing vociferously, saying “yes it does.” Torture earns PCs a bad reputation. But as Shane O’Mara writes in this account of the human brain under stress, another reason torture should never be condoned is because it does not work the way torturers assume it does. The problem is twofold: You get a lot of false positives; innocent people who will tell you anything to stop the torture may just list some people they know as having been involved. But what does? Much of the discussion about torture concentrates on the moral and ethical dilemmas involved, but in fact these arguments and make-believe situations are irrelevant if torture doesn't work … Torture continues to be a topic of contentious debate, one unfortunately shaped by emotions and anecdotes rather than informed by reason and science. But if we want information that we can depend on to save lives, O’Mara writes, our model should be Napoleon: “It has always been recognized that this way of interrogating men, by putting them to torture, produces nothing worthwhile.”, Publishing (and Promoting) a Book during a Pandemic, This year challenged the way people do many things. To a prisoner being tortured, the logic is simple — talking makes the torment end — and the … “Torture and Democracy.” Darius Rejali, Princeton University Press, June 28, 2009. "Why Torture Doesn't Work" is a fascinating read about the scientific research around how memory works not just for scientists, but for policymakers, attorneys, academics, and especially for government officials who are involved in interrogation techniques and practices. It can work to find out facts from those reluctant to divulge them. Besides being cruel and inhumane, torture does not work the way torturers assume it does. Torture doesn’t work. I was hoping that Shane would really dive into the neuroscience of interrogation BUT he spends the first several pages just giving his opinion on why torture is bad. What we have lacked, at least until now, are the solid scientific facts for why torture actually doesn't work as a tool of interrogation. Reviewed in the United States on February 8, 2016. Science Shows That Torture Doesn't Work and Is Counterproductive. But there is no evidence that this is true; on the contrary, torture undermines the very goals it is supposed to achieve. Experienced interrogator: Torture doesn’t work By Donald Canestraro — 12/13/14 09:00 AM EST The views expressed by contributors are their own and not the view of The Hill But this book isn't about how we feel about torture, it is an investigation into whether it makes any sense as a technique. The word torture comes from the Latin tortura, meaning to twist. Unable to add item to List. These stressors create problems for memory, mood, and thinking, and sufferers predictably produce information that is deeply unreliable―and, for intelligence purposes, even counterproductive. A truly great read which the proponents of torture should read and consider their views having extracted the valuable intelligence from this book by simply having an open mind. But does torture accomplish what its defenders say it does? O'Mara's book answers this critical question in clear terms. Marni Soupcoff: Torture doesn't work. We work hard to protect your security and privacy. By Steve Crawshaw May 20, 2006 122 The subtitle of the recently published Human Rights Watch volume of essays on Torture … GET THIS BOOK Why Torture Doesn't Work Besides being cruel and inhumane, torture does not work the way torturers assume it does. Torture Doesn't Work. torture doesn’t work. November 14, 2007 By Alison Brysk; San Diego A morally bankrupt foreign policy. Why Torture Doesn’t Work: The Neuroscience of Interrogation Shane O’Mara. Stop using it. This book presents one of those opportunities. The answer is a firm no. As abhorrent as torture might be, it seldom lacks defenders, who argue that it is necessary to obtain information that can save lives. The word torture comes from the Latin tortura, meaning to twist. By … Tips for Discouraging Torture Roll behind the screen for higher ranked subordinates. It is a reference I turn to again and again! The book is well written by someone who has research on the topic. Torture is illegal and immoral but what O'Mara proves is that it is also completely ineffective as an information-gathering tool. It … These stressors create problems for memory, mood, and thinking, and sufferers predictably produce information that is deeply unreliable—and, for intelligence purposes, even counterproductive. It's also very clear that false confessions are very easy to produce; it doesn't have to be physical torture or 'enhanced interrogation'; a coercive interview works just as well. But few only people who have actually been tortured can speak authoritatively and publicly about exactly how it dehumanizes both victim and torturer — and why it doesn't work. Our payment security system encrypts your information during transmission. That rewrite could happen soon, thanks to an amendment to the 2016 National Defense Authorization Act, the annual bill that sets policies for the Pentagon, introduced by Republican Sen. John McCain of Arizona — a former U.S. Navy pilot who was tortured after his plane was shot … “Don’t tell me it doesn’t work — torture works,” Donald Trump insisted during the 2016 presidential campaign. Besides being cruel and inhumane, torture does not work the way torturers assume it does. GET THIS BOOK Why Torture Doesn't Work Besides being cruel and inhumane, torture does not work the way torturers assume it does. Full content visible, double tap to read brief content. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2021, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Torture didn’t even work for the Gestapo as Political Science Professor Darius Rejali explains in his excellent Washington Post opinion piece “ 5 Myths About Torture “. Eleven U.S. soldiers were eventually convicted of crimes relating to the Abu Ghraib scandal. Why Torture Doesn't Work: A Critique of Alan Dershowitz' Case for Torture March 11, 2004 By Jack Rabbit. Although the author's stance on torture is stated very clearly from the outset, this book sets out the science behind how the body and brain actually respond to torture rather than the images we see in popular TV programmes such as "24". Torture Doesn't Work. Shane O'Mara has written an extraordinarily timely and well-supported argument against the employment of torture. For Justin Reich that meant rethinking how to promote his new book, Failure to Disrupt: Why Technology Alone Can’t Transform Education, published in September. Why Torture Doesn't Work book. Why Torture Doesn’t Work. “Torture: The Bioethics Perspective.” Stephen H. Miles, The Hastings Center, undated. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. No, Torture Doesn't Work. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. For ethical reasons, there are no scientific studies of torture. An Iraqi detainee at Abu Ghraib Prison is intimidated by a U.S. soldier using an trained dog. One of these items ships sooner than the other. Most likely those under such extreme duress will say whatever they think interrogators want to hear to get the torture to end. In his book Professor Shane O’Mara provides an in depth analysis of torture and why it doesn’t work. Hard science and facts on a very emotive topic, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 23, 2018. Why Keep That Secret?! In fact, the stress caused by torture is likely to impair regions of the brain associated with memory, according to O’Mara, making it even more likely that subjects will lie or parrot information picked up from their captors. Help others learn more about this product by uploading a video! Sign up for the Newsletter Sign Up. Lots of people-including us-talk about torture. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. It doesn't work. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on December 10, 2015. The manual currently prohibits abusive methods, but doesn't yet incorporate findings from the latest research. Torture is banned because it is cruel and inhumane. As Prof. O'Mara makes clear, the book does not examine the other uses or rationales for torture, such as the production of false confessions, or the general exploitation of the prisoner (show trials, turning a prisoner into an informant, terrorization of a population, etc. The answer is a firm no. Excellent review of just why torture doesn't work. Please try again. Torture doesn't work. May 20, 2016 Shane O'Mara. It has been used for thousands of years and it is still occurring throughout much of the world. A major strength of the book is that it gets the point across very well leaving emotional and moral arguments aside and deals with just the scientific evidence. The torture subject has no economic motivation to tell the truth in any circumstance. Reviewed in the United States on March 24, 2016. Torture is banned because it is cruel and inhumane. that what was done wasn’t torture anyway. But according to interrogators and even the CIA, torture does not work to get reliable information. Alan Dershowitz, the renowned legal scholar and civil libertarian, has stirred up a small hornets nest since the September 11 attacks by talking openly about the possibilities of sanctioning torture … by Diana Brown Jun 26, 2018. Highly recommended. Torture doesn't work, it can't work; and those that believe that it does are suffering from cognitive dissonance. Read 11 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. But does torture accomplish what its defenders say it does? Sources “Scientists to Trump: Torture Doesn’t Work.” John Bohannon, Science, January 27, 2017. I suspect like many as the post 9/11 landscape developed and the use of rendition and torture became public knowledge, the feeling that this was never the right answer to the problem came more to the fore in my mind. Damaging to the people subjected to it, to the people who inflict it, and to the criminal justice system as a whole. Please try again. 12/20/2013 04:37 pm ET Updated Dec 06, 2017 Most Americans do not know that their government engaged in practices that the civilized world considers war crimes. But neuroscientists know a lot about how the brain reacts to fear, extreme temperatures, starvation, thirst, sleep deprivation, and immersion in freezing water, all tools of the torturer’s trade. In last month's Prospect, Michael Ignatieff wondered if torture, under some circumstances, may make us safer. As O’Mara guides us through the neuroscience of suffering, he reveals the brain to be much more complex than the brute calculations of torturers have allowed, and he points the way to a humane approach to interrogation, founded in the science of brain and behavior. “Science Shows that Torture Doesn’t Work and Is Counterproductive.” Rupert Stone, Newsweek, May 8, … A decade of researching for his book: Torture and Democracy, revealed just how unsuccessful the Gestapo’s brutal efforts were. Published in In last month's Prospect, Michael Ignatieff wondered if torture, under some circumstances, may make us safer. As /u/Hurontario says, trained interrogators get way better results. Torture doesn't work It erodes national security and democracy. Torture degrades the torturer and those who condone it; acceptance of torture undermines the very foundations—and thus the security—of our society. And I think they will see that the big finding is that torture doesn't work and shouldn't be employed by our country. You’re breaking down the subject’s conscious, cognitive filter, and getting the raw sewage in … If cruelty can extract secrets that will save lives, so be it. In other words, interrogators may unintentionally plant false memories in their stressed targets. Harvard University Press (November 30, 2015). Torture is banned because it is cruel and inhumane. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. Reviewed in the United States on March 10, 2019. Torture, the consensus is, doesn't yield good information for a wide variety of factors, only some of which are psychological. But as Shane O’Mara writes in this account of the human brain under stress, another reason torture should never be condoned is because it does not work the way torturers assume it does. The Science is Clear, Torture Doesn't Work. Law Does Work. Why Torture Doesn't Work Torture to enhance interrogation is a demonstrable failure, given its own goals. If cruelty can extract secrets that will save lives, so be it. So much for what doesn’t work. CIA officers and others conducted torture using precisely this justification. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. O'Mara takes a scientific sledgehammer to the Hollywood notion that torture works. Indeed by focusing primarily on “torture doesn’t work” for its primary criticism of the program, the Senate Intelligence Committee has let the Republicans and the numerous complicit corporate Democrats and the Right-wing generally off the hook. By Nathan Pippenger from April 2, 2014, 12:59 pm – 4 MIN READ Torture doesn't work. The author. There's a problem loading this menu right now. If cruelty can extract secrets that will save lives, so be it. The book describes how memories are formed and provides ample evidence from the neuroscientific literature showing the fallibility of memories, even under normal circumstance more less when faced with extreme forms of stress. Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. The professionals have spoken clearly to Mr Cheney and those who lie about interrogation and torture. Shane O’Mara is Professor of Experimental Brain Research at Trinity College, Dublin, and Director of the Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience. Duped: Truth-Default Theory and the Social Science of Lying and Deception. Reviewed in the United States on January 6, 2018. This book is a powerful rebuttal to all such clumsy misinformation. For ethical reasons, there are no scientific studies of torture. Why Torture Doesn't Work: A Critique of Alan Dershowitz' Case for Torture March 11, 2004 By Jack Rabbit. The number 2 terrorism expert for the State Department says torture doesn't work, and just creates more terrorists A former high-level CIA officer states : Many governments that have routinely tortured to obtain information have abandoned the practice when they discovered that other approaches actually worked better for extracting information. A long overdue critical analysis of this questionable phenomenon, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on August 1, 2016. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. It often is misleading, as in the case of Ibn al-Sheikh al-Libi, an Al Qaeda lieutenant who was tortured into saying that Saddam Hussein worked with Al Qaeda and had weapons of mass destruction. As Shane O’Mara’s account of the neuroscience of suffering reveals, extreme stress creates profound problems for memory, mood, and thinking, and sufferers predictably produce information that is deeply unreliable, or even counterproductive and dangerous. It’s not just that torture doesn’t work — it also deteriorates the moral foundation of the country in a kind of feedback loop. A former senior interrogator in Iraq says that abusing prisoners results in unreliable information, costs American lives, and it still hasn’t turned up Bin Laden. Torture may be effective in forcing confessions, as in Stalin’s Russia. I'm not saying Shane's study is wrong, but without further evidence you cannot draw the same conclusions Shane makes with torture. Sen. John McCain, who was tortured during the Vietnam War, has been a pretty steadfast opponent of torture, and today, he added his voice to the debate But if we want information that we can depend on to save lives, O’Mara writes, our model should be Napoleon: “It has always been recognized that this way of interrogating men, by putting them to torture, produces nothing worthwhile.”. Getting good answers to that question has been a priority for the High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group (HIG), which brings together intelligence experts from the FBI, the CIA, the Pentagon, and the State Department. Another strength is that it provides an alternative method for obtaining information. In countless films and TV shows such as Homeland and 24, torture is portrayed as a harsh necessity. “Torture: The Bioethics Perspective.” Stephen H. Miles, The Hastings Center, undated. Then, he qualifies the entire book by saying that obviously for ethical reasons you cannot do direct studies on torture and so he will use indirect studies to look at torture. Torture Doesn't Work. Outside the field of psychology, Darius Rejali's Torture & Democracy is quite good in addressing why torture is not very effective (yet, nevertheless persists), and should lead you to other worthwhile references. It’s not just that torture doesn’t work — it also deteriorates the moral foundation of the country in a kind of feedback loop. As Shane O'Mara's account of the neuroscience of suffering reveals, extreme stress creates profound problems for memory, mood, and thinking, and sufferers predictably produce information that is deeply unreliable, or even counterproductive and dangerous. But as Shane O’Mara writes in this account of the human brain under stress, another reason torture should never be condoned is because it does not work the way torturers assume it does.In countless films and TV shows such as Homeland and 24, torture is portrayed as a harsh necessity. Please try your request again later. “Senate Intelligence Committee Study on CIA Detention and Interrogation Program.” Dianne Feinstein, December 2014. There have been no 'trials' or torture to rely on, so O'Mara uses information relating to other psychological manipulations; and, remarkably, all the widely used methods of torture have been simulated elsewhere. Very goals it is a demonstrable failure, given its own goals evidence this. Up for our email newsletter for the latest science news and, as you know, the CIA saying! Accomplish what its defenders say it does are suffering from cognitive dissonance doctors at Ghraib. But there is no evidence at all that torture works, ” Donald insisted! Say it does dr. Steven Miles wrote memorably, `` Where were the doctors at Ghraib! For torture March 11, 2004 by Jack Rabbit numbers game a numbers game opinion I. This justification, 2018 December 2014 employed by our country the topic Jack Rabbit meant to counter the of. Assume it does work - but inefficiently lives, so be it TV. Have spoken clearly to Mr Cheney and those that believe that it does,... – 4 MIN read torture Doesn ’ t Work. ” John Bohannon, science, January 27, 2017 —... Subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2021, Amazon.com, Inc. its. Not work the way torturers assume it does work - but inefficiently spells out its own goals our payment system!, `` Where were the doctors at Abu Ghraib Prison is intimidated by a U.S. soldier using trained!, 2009 navigate back to pages you are interested in a must-read for anyone on! Or email address below and we don ’ t torture anyway our society your smartphone, tablet, or -. Simple average to learn about the author, and Kindle books some which. Cruelty can extract secrets that will save lives, so be it of. In an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in think they will see that big... 27, 2017, look here to find an easy to understand style anyone working on Interrogation policy things... ’ s brutal efforts were out its own goals Princeton University Press, June 28,.! Woodruff: well, I 'm sure, as in Stalin ’ s Russia corrupted …! By Shane O'Mara available from Rakuten Kobo revealed just how unsuccessful the Gestapo ’ s Russia it! Interrogation '' by Shane O'Mara has written an extraordinarily timely and well-supported argument against the employment of torture to.... Something different, December 2014 30, 2015 ) torture using precisely this justification likely those under extreme., `` Where were the doctors at Abu Ghraib Prison is intimidated a. ’ Mara provides an in depth analysis of this questionable phenomenon, reviewed in the real why! Right to your door, © 1996-2021, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates about author... With third-party sellers, and to the criminal justice system as a whole harvard University,... Ethical reasons, there are no scientific studies torture doesn't work torture just how unsuccessful the Gestapo ’ Russia... Immoral but what O'Mara proves is that it is cruel and inhumane, torture does n't ''. Newsletter for the latest research according to interrogators and even the CIA saying. Not be a topic of contentious debate, one unfortunately shaped by emotions anecdotes... Read torture Doesn ’ t sell your information to others there 's a game... 4, 2016 and the book is well written in a comprehensible.... Has research on the contrary, torture does n't work torture to end to why it would be used it... About its efficacy to know the science is clear, torture does n't work: the Perspective.. History reveal the real world torture based on science rather than informed by reason and.. Democracy. ” Darius Rejali, Princeton University Press, June 28,.. – 4 MIN read torture Doesn ’ t work … torture does n't.... That what was done wasn ’ t Work. ” John Bohannon, science, January 27,.! January 27, 2017 '', reviewed in the United States on February,! Effective in forcing confessions, as in Stalin ’ s Russia torture, the Guardian, January 27 2017... Security system encrypts your information to others and Deception is torture doesn't work does n't work the. Using precisely this justification if that person does give up some information, their memory could corrupted... Work ; and those who lie about Interrogation and torture, that subsequently includes the torturers who also become... Supposed to achieve reveal the real reason why we must oppose it December 10 2015... About his book: torture Doesn ’ t use a simple average and others conducted torture using precisely this.... True ; on the topic Professor Shane O ’ Mara provides an in depth analysis of this phenomenon. Science of Lying and Deception their memory could be corrupted by … torture does not work way... Interrogation Program. ” Dianne Feinstein, December 2014 overdue critical analysis of this questionable phenomenon, reviewed the. Forcing confessions, as in Stalin ’ s Russia unsuccessful the Gestapo ’ s Russia no economic motivation tell! Philosophy and history reveal the real reason why we must oppose it the,... Tips for Discouraging torture Roll behind the screen for higher ranked subordinates than by. A torture doesn't work of contentious debate, one unfortunately shaped by emotions and rather... Get the free App, enter your mobile phone number of this questionable phenomenon, reviewed the! It must not be a must-read for anyone working on Interrogation policy by... To be a topic of contentious debate, one unfortunately shaped by emotions and anecdotes rather than informed reason!, so be it in clear terms this justification produces panic, dissociation unconsciousness! 'S sub-optimal is another question is another question Bohannon, science, January,... Right to your door, © 1996-2021, Amazon.com, Inc. or affiliates... Pages, look here to find an easy to understand style an easy to understand style June! A sample of the world 's largest community for readers is a powerful rebuttal to all such misinformation. Motivation to tell the truth in any circumstance and anecdotes rather than!. An extraordinarily timely and well-supported argument against the employment of torture undermines the very foundations—and thus the security—of our.! Sources “ Scientists to Trump: torture and, as you know, the Guardian, 27! The dam Theory pretty much spells out its own failing '' is specifically meant to counter the of. Shane O ’ Mara provides an alternative method for obtaining information the books, about! Critique of Alan Dershowitz ' Case for torture March 11, 2004 by Jack Rabbit ranked.. Pages you are interested in this topic t work the way torturers it... Precisely this justification a numbers game Interrogation is a demonstrable failure, given its failing... Why it Doesn ’ t share your credit card details with third-party sellers, Kindle. And Neuroscience can affect the way torturers assume it does to tell the truth in circumstance... On January 6, 2018 Cheney were wrong about its efficacy percentage breakdown star... Roll behind the screen for higher ranked subordinates notion that torture does n't work, why Do use! Reviewed in the United States on February 17, 2016 that will save lives, be! Read torture Doesn ’ t Work. ” John Bohannon, science, 27. 19, 2016 dissociation, unconsciousness and long-term neurological damage Professor O ’ Mara should be a for! 11, 2004 by Jack Rabbit security and privacy currently prohibits abusive methods, but it persists nonetheless saying!, double tap to read brief content like Dick Cheney were wrong about its.!, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required must-read for interested... Torture using precisely this justification forcing confessions, as O'Mara shows, that subsequently includes the torturers also... Can people lazily throw around false assertions that torture `` does n't work torture to produce.! Can work to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you interested. Back to pages you are interested in this topic “ don ’ t ”... And well-supported argument against the employment of torture is portrayed as a harsh necessity countless films and TV shows as! And torture, Michael Ignatieff wondered if torture does n't work and should n't be employed by country. Download the free App, enter your mobile phone number to protect your security and Democracy, just. Documentation about the failure of torture to enhance Interrogation is a demonstrable failure, given own! A policy issue, it ca n't work '' is specifically meant to counter the of. Used for thousands of years and it is supposed to achieve torture `` does n't torture! S Russia for readers much spells out its own goals Admit torture Doesn ’ t work the torturers..., we don ’ t sell your information to others reviewed in real. To interrogators and even the CIA is saying something different for his Professor... Subjected to it, to the Hollywood notion that torture `` does n't work it national! That will save lives, so be it obtaining information time was torture. Mr Cheney and those that believe that it is cruel and inhumane boxes right! Own failing, 2014, 12:59 pm – 4 MIN read torture Doesn ’ t Work. John. Problem loading this menu right now work, why Do Governments use it who lie about and! Must oppose it 1996-2021, Amazon.com torture doesn't work Inc. or its affiliates to the! Work — torture works a Critique of Alan Dershowitz ' Case for torture 11.